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Congress at the Kynžvart Chateau
Strategic meetings of diplomatic leaders on the future of Europe
In 1840 one of the post-Napoelonic crises culminated among European powers, caused by divided process of European states towards the Middle East crisis. Muhammed Ali, the Egyptian vice-regent, rised up against his sultan Mehmet II in the Ottoman Empire. Situation went so far that Ottomans lost their army, fleets and even sultan. Young Sultan Abdülmecit I would have been left at the mercy of Muhammad Alí as far as European priority hadn´t been to keep the Ottoman Empire henceforth cohesive. The Empire desintegration would have caused most probably protracted war conflict among European powers which had fought for parts of formerly rich Empire. Due to the risk, European powers like Great Britain, Russia, Austria and Prussia stood for the sultan, nonetheless France intervened more in favour of unsuccesfull insurgent, vice-regent Muhammad Alí. Accordingly, France was omitted from following peace agreements First London Convention concluded in Britain. Due to the act of omission France began to arm and threatened Europe with war, foremost in German Rheinland, the birthplace of chancellor Metternich. The Rhein crisis was perceived very intensively in Europe. Therefore, on August 1840 chancellor Metternich called together his European diplomatic colleagues to find a solution in newly reconstructed chateau Kynžvart.
Klemens Wenzel Lothar Johann Nepomuk, 2. kníže von Metternich-Winneburg (1773–1859), od roku 1809 ministr zahraničí, 1821–1848 kancléř habsburského domu, dvora a státu. V roce 1848 podal demisi z důvodu neudržitelné revoluční situace. Po třech letech exilu se na žádost rakouského císaře vrátil zpět. Rodové heslo: „Kraft im Recht“ – „ V právu je síla.“
Frederick James Lamb, 3. vikomt z Melbourne, (1782-1853), známý jako lord Beauvale, v letech 1839-1848 britský velvyslanec v Rakousku
hrabě Carl Ludvik Ficquelmont, rakouský velvyslanec v Rusku